It's easy to win every argument if you keep changing the meaning of the words.
Please indicate where my definitions of "sex" and "gender" have departed in any major way from contemporary definitions used in the social sciences.
As I see it, feminism boils down to a simple statement: In our society, women are not treated fairly
Note that I used plain english in the above statement; nor did I cite obscure sociological works.
I don't happen to believe that (a) the standard definition of "gender" in social science is "obscure", nor (b) that anti-intellectualism gains you any sort of points.
And yet, I would be hard-pressed to find a feminist who disagrees with this.
Sure. That'll do as the motivation behind feminism. But try to find a feminist who will accept that as a summary of feminist theory.
Now, what is causing women to be treated unfairly ? There are at least 2 possibilities:
1. Unfortunately, our culture was created mostly by men. Thus, no provisions were made for treating women fairly.
What does it mean to say "our culture was created mostly by men"? Who was this committee of dead white males that sat down together and decided to create our culture? No such thing ever happened.
More importantly, you are taking the categories "man" and "woman" to be prior to culture. However, as I'm tiring myself of stating in this thread, what it means to be a man or a woman in a given society is underdetermined by sex; culture itself plays an undeniable role in it. Thus, "men" and "women" (as opposed to merely "human beings with penises" and "human beings with vaginas") are, in a sense, created by culture. Thus, your statement enters into an chicken-and-egg problem-- how can our men have created our culture, when our culture created our men?
And ignoring precisely this point is one of the easiest and most common strawwoman arguments against feminism-- "Feminists blame men for everything, but it's not men's fault what men in the past did, nor is it their fault to have been brought up in the kind of culture that makes men sexist." Which is perfectly true-- except for the statement "feminists blame men for everything"; the key point of feminism, as a study of gender, is to identify which cultural practices "create" (in the above sense) men and women, and to change or replace them.
Howver, feminism as you present in in your point #1 succumbs to the attack I outline-- it puts blame on men without identifying the cultural system that defines the category "man".
The "obscure" technical vocabulary is there for a reason, which is that these issues are complex. You need to explicitly recognize the distinction between gender differences due to culture, and sexual differences due to biology. You need to distinguish between individual organisms with their biological endowment and social subjects who occupy a certain set of roles relative to each other in a system of social institutions. Otherwise, you end up attacking people instead of institutions, confusing the forms gender takes in our society for natural biological systems, and countless other mistakes social scientists have fought to overcome for well over a hundred years.
Position #1 acknowledges that we have a problem, and outlines a solution: we need to change our culture so that women are treated fairly.
The problem is that, if you don't understand what culture is in the first place (e.g. if you can't grasp where biology ends and culture starts), you're not going to get very far.
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