As I wasn't there and had never heard of the rock throwing I decided to check the internet. This is what I found:
Of particular interest:
Guardsmen--none of whom were later punished, civilly, administratively, or criminally-- admitted firing at specific unarmed targets; one man shot a demonstrator who was giving him the finger. The closest student shot was fully sixty feet away; all but one were more than 100 feet away; all but two were more than 200 feet away. One of the dead was 255 feet away; the rest were 300 to 400 feet away. The most distant student shot was more than 700 feet from the Guardsmen.
As soon as Troop G reached the Pagoda at the top of the hill, they turned in unison and without warning, leveled their guns and started firing. I saw smoke and heard the shots before I thought to turn and run. It wasn't until Jimmie Riggs pulled me behind a parked car that it hit me that they were firing live ammunition. The car that shielded us was riddled with bullets. And bullets were ricocheting off of it. Glass from the windows was shattering over us. You could hear the bullets ripping at the grass beside us. Then there was this hideous silence of shock and disbelief that they had done this. When I came from behind the car, I saw Bill Schroeder lying on his back, three feet from me. He had crystal blue eyes. His eyes were open and he was looking up at a very blue sky. I knew he was dead. I looked over and saw a girl lying prone on the lawn of Prentice Hall. I leaned over, and it was Sandy Scheuer, whom I knew very well. And I saw Sandy was dead. Then I remembered where Alan had been standing, much closer than Sandy or Bill. It was at that moment that my friend came up and said, "Alan and Tom got hit."
Mary Hagan, a student who witnessed the shooting, said that after the shooting she heard students calling to national guardsmen for help but that the guardsmen refused.
(That site is text from one of the articles of the day. It has many quotes from officials, like nixon, relating the same sentiments as you but I believe later examination of the event shows a different story entirely.)
Here is a long one: http://www.cs.earlham.edu/~paulsjo/KentState.html/
At 11 a.m., about 200 students gathered on the Commons.
Earlier that morning, state and local officials had met in Kent.
Some officials had assumed that Gov. Rhodes had declared Martial
Law to be in effect--but he had not. In fact, martial law was
not officially declared until May 5. Nevertheless, the National
Guard resolved to disperse any assembly.
As noon approached, the size of the crowd increased to 1,500.
Some were merely spectators, while others had gathered specifically
to protest the invasion of Cambodia and the continued presence
of the National Guard on the campus. Upon orders of Ohio's
Assistant Adjutant General Robert Canterbury, an army jeep was
driven in front of the assembled students. The students were told
by means of a bullhorn to disperse immediately. Students
responded with jeers and chants. When the students refused to
disperse, Gen. Canterbury ordered the guardsmen to disperse them.
Approximately 116 men, equipped with loaded M-1 rifles and tear
gas, formed a skirmish line towards the students. Aware of bayonet
injuries of the previous evening, students immediately ran away from
the attacking National Guardsmen. Retreating up Blanket Hill, some
students lobbed tear gas canisters back at the advancing troops, and
one straggler was attacked with clubs.
The Guard, after clearing the Commons, marched over the crest
of the hill, firing tear gas and scattering the students into a
wider area. The Guard then continued marching down the hill and
onto a practice football field. For approximately 10 minutes, the
guard stayed in this position. During this time, tear gas canisters
were thrown back and forth from the Guard's position to a small
group of students n the Prentice Hall parking lot, about 100 yards
away. Some students responded to the guardsmen's attack by
throwing stones. Guardsmen also threw stones at the students.
But because of the distance, most stones from both parties fell far
short of their targets. The vast majority of students, however,
were spectators on the veranda of Taylor Hall. While on the practice
field, several members of Troop G, which would within minutes fire the
fatal volley, knelt and aimed their weapons at the students in the
Gen. Canterbury concluded that the crowd had been dispersed and
ordered the Guard to march back to the commons area. Some members of
Troop G then huddled briefly. After reassembling on the field, the
Guardsmen seemed to begin to retreat as they marched back up the hill,
retracing their previous steps.
Members of Troop G, while advancing up the hill, continued
to glance back to the parking lot, where the most militant and vocal
students were located. The students assumed the confrontation
was over. Many students began to walk to their next classes.
As the guard reached the crest of the Blanket Hill, near the
Pagoda of Taylor Hall, about a dozen members of Troop G
simultaneously turned around 180 degrees, aimed and fired their
weapons into the crowd in the Prentice Hall parking lot. The
1975 civil trials proved that there was a verbal command to fire.
A total of 67 shots were fired in 13 seconds. Four students:
Allison Krause, Jeffrey Miller, Sandra Scheuer and William Schroeder
were killed. Nine students were wounded: Joseph Lewis, John Cleary,
Thomas Grace, Robbie Stamps, Donald Scott MacKenzie, Alan Canfora,
Douglas Wrentmore, James Russell and Dean Kahler. Of the wounded,
one was permanently paralyzed, and several were seriously maimed.
All were full-time students.
And from the same text about the day before:
Students attempted to demonstrate that the curfew was
unnecessary by peacefully marching towards the town, but were
met by guardsmen. Students then staged a spontaneous sit-in
at the intersection of East Main and Lincoln Streets and demanded
that Mayor Satrom and KSU president Robert White speak with them
about the Guard's presence on campus. Assured that this demand
would be met, the crowd agreed to move from the street onto the
front lawn of campus.
The guard then betrayed the students and announced that the
curfew would go into effect immediately. Helicopters and tear
gas were used to disperse the demonstrators. As the crowd
attempted to escape, some were bayoneted and clubbed by guardsmen.
Students were again pursued and prodded back to their
dormitories. Tear gas innundated the campus, and helicopters
with searchlights hovered overhead all night.
I think maybe those who were not there may want to think about looking into what happened before making comments like:
People throwing rocks at soldiers with assault rifles deserve what they get.
It is clear that there was a history of mutual hostility that was certainly increased by the use of bayonettes on escapees the day before. It is also clear that the troops where in NO PHISICAL DANGER at the time of the shooting and so there was absolutely no legitamacy for the use of deadly force. It is also rather clear that the instigators of violence where the officials and the National Guard - what started as a peaceful demonstration escelated to massive violence when the protestors found themselves in need of defending themselves from brutal beatings and possible slayings at the hands of the National Guard - I of course reffer to the use of clubs and bayonettes on a fleeing crowd.
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