Quick information; the Danish school system uses a grade system made up of 10 grades, ranging from 00 to 13, with 01, 02, 04 and 12 left out; 00 being the absolutely lowest possible grade and almost impossible to receive and 13 being above perfect for the level of education. 11 is given for a perfect performance that doesn't go beyond your level of education or curriculum. 8 is the medium grade; grades 00, 03 and 5 are failing grades.
My final essay in litterature was awarded an 11; it was graded by three different teachers as 9, 11 and 13. There is a HUGE difference between a 9 and a 13. The 9 and 13 was given by the first two teachers, who were supposed to agree on a grade, but since neither of the would budge toward the others grade, they asked a third teacher, who awarded it an 11.
I have since asked other teachers from the same school to grade the essay (out of morbid curiosity), and in doing so, it has gotten every grade ranging from 7 to 13 - all in all it has gotten a 1 7, 1 8, 2 9, 1 10, 3 11s and 2 13s - this is a very big spread; it didn't affect my graduating, as I needed a grade better than -3 for that essay to flunk, but several of my class mates had to get grades of 9+ to graduate.
Essays are very subjective, as each grading teacher has a different idea of how an essay should be written on each subject, and the essays the are closest to that teachers ideas are going to get the better grades.
I was told, that one of the reasons the grades varied so much in my case, was that we were given 6 different subjects to write about, and I (being my usual cocky self) chose to write about one specific subject, and draw paralels to three of the other subjects - something which, according to my litterature teacher (who graded it to an 11) said would result in no more than a 7 from 90% of the teachers, simply because it was impossible to do so; that I managed to to so he ascribed to 99.99% luck and 0.001% brain (which I definately do not agree to - I don't have that much brain) - mainly because no essay I had ever written up to that point had gotten more than an 8, most of them only fetching a 6.
Grading an essay is more subjective, because there is no real answer; in chemestry and physics there are dozens of ways to achieve the correct result, and the only subjective part is "is the an ingenious way to do this?". When asking people what a certain word means, there are only so many ways they can answer; ask them to interpret a text, and there are more ways to do so than I'd care to imagine - this is why it is subjective.
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