I'm from Norway and here we've got plenty of oil and natural gas, and also plenty of hydroelectric plants. Norway is the world's 3rd largest exporter of petroleum and petroleum derivatives in the world after Saudi Arabia and Russia. Because of this, we are filthy rich. We are good at "creating" energy, and, barring the USA, we are the world's best at consuming energy, per capita, from what I've read. It gets cold during winter.
We've always known our energy resources are going to run out. Norwegian oil-reserves peaked in 1990, and our natural gas-reserves may peak in 5 - 10 years, though production extensions are expected to come in the form of new technologies which will enable the oil rigs to squeeze even more oil out of every nook and cranny in our seabed. We also know that our hydroelectric plants won't be able to meet our soaring energy needs when that happens. It's going to get even colder during winter if we do not find an alternative source of energy. (We do have lots of trees, though.)
With this in mind, we Norwegians have turned our attentions towards the sea - several types of wave-powered turbines have been developed over the last decade; everything from small "cabin" models through seabed-positioned turbine fields, which would utilize the tidal currents, and could rival our traditional hydroelectric power stations in terms of energy production, may one day soon become a reality. These types of petroleum alternatives may be quite viable, and if so, would help keep us warm and rich.
However, we are no nearer a solution as to what to do without gasoline to tank our cars with than anyone else.
Infrastructurally speaking (sic), Norway has an abhorrently under-developed rail system running along the coast of our oddly-shaped country. The only thing we have more of than fish, trees and oil, is mountains - and domestic flights are extremely expensive. Sailing north or south, though quite possible, would take forever, and is hazardous. Norway runs on cars, and cars run on our poor highroads. Bio-diesel, hydrogen and even plain old alcohol is naturally seen as the solution to our problem, without anyone actually having any idea as to when, how and at what cost this paradigm is about to become a reality. We may be well and truly fcuked if we don't find a solution soon, but we Norwegians are confident that we will do so! Perhaps fish-oil... or even trees! We lived without petroleum-lined wallets before the 70-ies, and we will be able to live without them again. Heaven forbid we should have to change anything about our standard of living, no?
The morale of this story? Stay up-beat! Don't focus on the negative! Never give up! Never surrender! And don't let the fire go out!
no, there is no hand
to pet the lonely hearted
the monkey is blind
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